Wednesday, 27 May 2015

South Brazil - Intervales

Day 1
Everyone arrived on time in Sao Paulo early in the morning and once we were aboard our comfortable Mercedes minibus we set of to Intervales State park. We arrived at noon and while we waited for our lunch to be set up we enjoyed watching some fruit filled bird tables. There were lots of tanagers including Olive-green, Green-headed, Azure-shouldered, Golden-chevroned, Ruby, and a male Burnished Brass. A Sharpbill was a nice find and we took time separating several Planalto Tyrannulets from a Grey-headed Tyrannulet. Golden-winged Caciques were plentiful, Red-rumped Cacique, Rufous-bellied Thrush, a gorgeous Yellow-fronted Woodpecker, Blue Dacnis and a Bananaquit. After lunch we drove a short distance and before walking a short trail we enjoyed fairly good close views of an Orange-breasted Thornbird, and a Chestnut-crested Becard. On a trail we came across Greenish Schiffornis, a nice Hooded Berryeater, Scale-throated Hermit, Streaked
Hooded Berryeater
Xenops, then a pair of Chestnut-bellied Euphonias and a rather skulky Spot-backed Antshrike. A Rufouis-capped Antthrush showed well as it crossed the track in front of us and a few antbirds included Dusky-tailed, Bertoni’s and Ochre-rumped. After the trail we drove back to a spot that Eduardo said we would try for Red-and-white Crake. Unknown to us these birds were coming to the edge of the marsh for corn put out by the rangers. We had stunning close views of three superb crakes. To finish our first afternoon of birding a couple of roosting Tropical Screech-owls made a nice finale.
Red-and-white Crakes
Red-and-white Crake
Day 2

Today after breakfast we headed to the entrance gate of the park and in perfect time to see a Red-ruffed Fruitcrow feeding in a fruiting tree. Also here were Southern Yellowthroat, a Tropical Parula,
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow
Surucua Trogon, Variable Antshrike, Black-goggled Tanagers and in a grassy area a showy Slaty-breasted Rail. We then got great looks at Pallid Spinetail, shortly followed by a Sharpbill, Ochre-collared Piculet, and a pair of G=reen-throated Euphonias. Moving to another area we soon located a pair of Araucaria Tit-Spinetails in a Monkey Puzzle tree. We moved on a little and had a small flock of Pileated Parrots fly over, while close in the shrubbery a pair of Eared Pygmy-Tyrants showed well.
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant
A little more concentration was required for a White-breasted Tapaculo that eventually gave superb views right in front of us as we quietly stood under cover. After the success of this we drove to another area and walked the track within the forest. Here we soon found a small group of birds including Oustalet’s Tyrannulet, Grey-capped Tyrannulet, a calling Large-headed Flatbill and Ochre-breasted Foliage-Gleaner. We then had a superb Bay-ringed Tyrannulet, followed by a secretive Squamate Antbird, Long-tailed Tyrant and a Ferruginous Antbird. A Green-barred Woodpecker worked on a hole, a Hooded Berryeater posed nicely and several Magpie Tanagers were spotted. A
Surucua Trogon
little further on we got great looks at a close Cinnamon-vented Piha. We then had trouble trying to get a good look at a very mobile Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, although Rufous-capped Spinetail showed much better, as did Yellow-browed Woodpecker, and Brown Tanager. After a brief Sepia-capped Flycatcher and a speedy flyby from a Barred forest-Falcon that we had just heard calling, we got super views of a male White-bearded Antshrike. Just after this a male Tufted Antshrike gave itself up and then as we were leaving in the minibus a Solitary Tinamou ran across the track. We returned to the park restaurant for lunch and spent a little time watching the feeders which held all the species we had seen yesterday plus better looks at Ruby Tanagers, Chestnut-crowned Becard, Dusky-legged Guans and even the Sharpbill put in a brief appearance. After lunch we went to a new area and a Robust Woodpecker was seen by all. A Planalto Woodcreeper was spotted as well as a pair of Pin-tailed Manakins and a Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin. We then attempted to see Slaty Bristlefront but even though we heard it calling close by it just never showed itself. A Lesser Woodcreeper showed briefly and the we got good looks at a Hangnest Tody-Tyrant. Moving on we went to a spot where a few worms were put out on a tree stump and after being frustrated by a Rufous-bellied Thrush that kept coming in to eat the worms suddenly our target bird a superb Variegated Antpitta hoped in and
Variegated Antpitta

duly obliged with fantastic views and photo opportunities. Very happy with this we left and walked another short track seeing Green-winged Saltator, distant views of a Rufous-crowned Motmot, a nice White-browed Foliage-Gleaner, and a Black-throated Grosbeak. It was heading towards dusk so our final spot of the day was along the dirt road where shortly after dark we were treated to good views of Long-tufted Screech-Owl and a sky full of stars and planets. A great day we then had a fitting dinner at the park restaurant before heading back to our lodge seeing a Crab-eating Fox along the way.
Long-tufted Screech-Owl
Day 3
Today we took a short walk close to the restaurant after hearing a Pavonine Cuckoo. Unfortunately it was on the other side of the lake somewhere. We did see a pair of Sooty Tyrannulets, Red-necked Tanager, Southern-beardless Tyrannulet and Violaceous Euphonia. We then drove a short distance and a walked a forest trail. A male Blue Manakin was seen, then a Rufous-breasted Leaftosser played cat and mouse with us, a Sao Paulo Tyrannulet was seen, then some Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaners, followed by a pair of Star-throated Antwrens, an Ochre-collared Piculet, and poor views of Gray-bellied Spinetail. Eduardo then heard one of our target birds and after some anxious moments we eventually got scope views of a pair of perched Blue-bellied Parrots, one of Brazils rarest parrots and a difficult species to connect with. Happy with this we moved on seeing Gray-hooded Attila, and then after a rather long walk in the forest we got to a spot where we were rewarded with superb views of the difficult Russet-winged Spadebill. As we came back we saw a pair of Black-cheeked Gnateaters,
Russet-winged Spadebill
and several small flocks produced Scalloped Woodcreeper, Black-goggled Tanagers, a Pale-browed Treehunter and White-spotted Woodpecker. An army ant swarm was surrounded by White-shouldered Fire-Eyes, and a lone Plain-winged Woodcreeper. Our final morning stop was a real highlight as we enjoyed point black range views of a Slaty Bristlefront which came out of the forest into the open and walked right in front of us. Stunning! After our lunch and a short break we took a look around our lodge which found us Planalto Tyrannulet, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Rufous-crowned Greenlet and Variable Antshrike. We then set off to walk another forest trail. This proved to be surprisingly quiet compared to the success of this morning. We did however find several Diademed Tanagers, Cliff Flycatcher, White-spotted and Yellow-fronted Woodpeckers. The view over the endless forest of Intervales was great from the top. After dinner the rain had stopped so we drove a short distance and after a flyby and some bushwacking we found a Black-capped Screech-Owl perched above our heads.
Black-capped Screech-Owl
Day 4
This morning it was rather wet and our vehicle got stuck on the slippery Carmo Road. We walked a while finding White-browed Foliage-gleaner, then a small flock with White-collared Foliage-Gleaner and Magpie Tanagers. Then a group of Saffron Toucanets fed in a fruiting tree, along with Green-chinned Euphonia and a scoped Brown Tanager. Another flock included Ochre-rumped Antbird, while some flowering shrubs attracted a Dusky-throated Hermit. Streak-capped Antwrens flitted
Dusky-throated Hermit
Crescent-chested Puffbird
around the canopy along with Large-headed Flatbill, and then a very smart Crescent-chested Puffbird posed nicely for us. Nearby Planalto Woodcreeper was joined by a flock of Brassy-breasted Tanagers and a White-throated Spadebill showed in the bamboo. Next up was Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, followed by views for some of the group of a Cryptic Antthrush. A Rufous Gnateater showed better. while Black-tufted Cappuchins were watched feeding in a palm tree. At lunch a Red-breasted Toucan was spotted as was several Yellow-fronted Woodpeckers, and then after a short break we headed out
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker
for some roadside birding. A Greenish Tyrannulet was soon followed by a nice Half-collared Sparrow. In an open grassy area we found Brown-and-yellow Marshbirds, White-rumped Monjita, Buff-necked Ibis, Whistling Heron, Smooth-billed Anis, Hooded Siskin, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Double-collared Seedeater and a Burrowing Owl. Moving on we made a quick stop for Spot-winged Woodquails which were flying across the road, but no matter how hard we tried they just would not show. Further on a Large-tailed Antshrike called and was seen poorly in the thick cover, ending another great day.

 Black-tufted Cappuchin
We are now moving on and I will update when there is internet access.


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